Rafflesia Arnoldii – A Rare Giant Flower
Rafflesia arnoldii is the world’s largest flower having a diameter of about one meter and weighing up to ten kilograms. It is a rare flower and not easily located. It grows only once a year and blooms for around five days. According to researches in discovery news, this flower that looks and smells like rotting flesh is related to flimsy flowers like violets, poinsettias and passionflowers. Hence it also called as “meat flower” or “corpse flower”. The flower is pollinated by flies and carrion beetles attracted by its vile smell. It contains about 27 species and found in Indonesian rain forests of southeastern Asia and Philippines. Rafflesia is an official state flower of Indonesia, Surat Thani Province in Thailand and Sabah state in Malaysia.
Rafflesia is a genius of parasitic flowering plants. It was discovered in Indonesian rain forest by an Indonesian guide working for Dr Joseph Arnold in 1818 and thereafter it was named after Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles.